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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

  • CBT focusses on the relationship between our thoughts, feelings, actions and physiology. CBT asserts that they are all connected and that changing one of these can shift the others which can lead to an overall change in how we feel or think.
  • CBT asserts that they are all connected and that changing one of these can shift the others which can lead to an overall change in how we feel or think.
  • It is easy to fall into patterns of thinking and reacting which worsen our feelings when we are worried or distressed.
  • CBT draws attention to problematic thinking patterns and behaviours so they are no longer a hidden response.
  • CBT then and encourages experiments by using strategies that shift unhelpful responses.
  • CBT generally requires between session work, known as homework.
  • CBT has proven to be an effective form of therapy with lots of conditions

Eye movement desensitisation and reprocessing (EMDR)

  • EMDR is a form of therapy which focusses on healing from emotionally distressing symptoms which have arisen from disturbing life experiences.
  • EMDR focusses on removing mental blocks or imbalances created through suffering and emotional wounds.
  • Clinicians use detailed protocols and procedures to help clients’ minds activate their natural healing processes, allowing the brains information processing system to move naturally towards health.
  • EMDR is an 8-phase treatment which involves eye movements or some others form of bilateral stimulation. This process allows painful events to be transformed on an emotional level.
  • EMDR is different from CBT in that the gained made result from the clients own emotional processing rather than the clinician’s interpretation.

Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)

Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) is a therapeutic approach that helps clients to stop avoiding, denying and struggling with their deeper emotions which can sometimes cause unhelpful patterns in life.

An ACT approach helps people to learn to accept their deeper feelings as appropriate responses to some of the situations they have found themselves in.
Using this approach, people can learn to understand and accept their situation, as well as the limits they haveimposed in moving forward in a meaningful way. They can then learn to move forward in their lives despite their hardships and commit to making necessary changes.

An ACT approach encourages people to listen to their own self talk and decide if an action is required or whether acceptance is required for what the situation is. Commitment is made to stop using the old patterns to face difficulties and instead chose to practise behaviour that is more in line with personal values and goals.

  • Acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)differs from CBT in that it does not encourage thought challenging, but focusses instead on accepting deeper emotions and experiences.
  • The premise of Act encourages being open, aware and engaged to the present moment. ACT encourages psychological flexibility in order to navigate through difficult life experiences.
  • The interweaving strands of ACT involve living in the here and now by being present, healing from the past by opening up current experiences and building for the future by doing what matters in accordance with your values.
  • ACT works on the premise that people can be stuck but are not broken; that pain is a part of the human condition and that small changes can have significant effects

Mindfulness based cognitive therapy

  • Mindfulness based cognitive therapy (MBCT) unites the principles of cognitive therapy with meditative practises.
  • Whilst cognitive therapy helps clients modify dysfunctional thinking in order to find relief from distress, mindfulness encourages the clients to become aware of their thoughts, feelings and emotions without judgement and on a continual basis.
  • Mindfulness also encourages self-acceptance and learning to be present.
  • MBCT can be most helpful for people who have recurring difficulties such as depression.
  • MBCT allows the client to be more present, more balanced and less judgemental, giving the client access to another approach to managing difficult emotions and moods

Compassion focussed therapy (CFT)

  • Compassion focussed therapy (CFT) is beneficial for people who struggle with shame and self-criticism which may result from early experiences of abuse or neglect.
  • CFT focusses on developing skills in self compassion as a way to help regulate mood and generate feelings of safety, self-acceptance and comfort.
  • CFT explores the regulation systems: a threat and self protective system, a drive and excitement system and soothing and safety system
  • Compassion focussed therapy normalises that the brain is the biggest challenge for humans, giving it a nickname of the tricky brain.
  • CFT explains to the clients how our minds have old reptilian brain functions such as fight and flight and new brain functions such as shame and self-criticism and tricky loops the brain can get stuck in.
  • CFT explainMental unrest can result from an imbalance between these systems and the aim of CFT is restore balance to these systemss to the clients how our minds have old reptilian brain functions such as fight and flight and new brain functions such as shame and self-criticism and tricky loops the brain can get stuck in.

Solution focused therapy (SFT)

As the name suggests solution focused therapy (SFT) understands the problem as a means to focus on the solution. Sessions are focussed on the present rather than exploring childhood issues or learnt patterns.

It can be a way of working that allows people to focus on real workable solutions as quickly as possible. This approach a realistic amount of motivation from the client to help find the solution to their problem. In short, clients must want to change.

By exploring the default problem pattern we will explore the default solution pattern, evaluate their effectiveness and modify or replace them with problem solving approaches.

SFT is usually short terms and clients will already have access to the resources and strengths to solve their problems rather than trying to create new resources within therapy.

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